To the east of Africa, right on the Indian ocean adjacent, is the United Republic of Tanzania. A total of eight neighboring countries: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique adjoin Tanzania. The area of Tanzania comprises about 2.5 times times the area of Germany and with over 40 million inhabitants, Tanzania is one of the most populous countries in Africa.
Varied landscapes are characterized by kilometers, partly untouched coastline, moist and dry savannas, rain forests, canyons, craters, lakes and mountains. Due to its numerous national parks, the country is one of the most popular destinations in Africa. But during a safari in Tanzania, you can not only admire the fantastic landscapes, but also the diverse wildlife know. The recurrent great animal migrations of millions of animals across the Serengeti, the “Big 5” (elephant, rhino, buffalo, lion, leopard), as well as huge herds of zebra, wildebeest, antelopes and giraffes can be seen at close quarters and admired , So pull especially the Serengeti, Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manayara National Park or the Ruaha National Park each year enthusiastic safari vacationers from all over the world to Tanzania.
The landmark of the country is the “roof of Africa” of Kilimanjaro. With its proud 5,895 meters is the “Kili” the highest mountain in Africa. In good weather already visible from far away, he perched royally over the country. A special experience is the ascent of Kilimanjaro on one of the seven routes, which require no special skills, only a healthy amount of stamina and fitness.
Population and language
The population of Tanzania is made up of about 130 different ethnic groups, each speaking their own mother tongue as well as preserve and maintain their own tribal traditions. The Maasai form the most famous ethnic minority, although they make up only 3% of the total population of Tanzania. Other ethnic groups are the Wameru, the Sukuma, the Nyamwezi, the Hehet / Bena, the Haya, the Pare, the Hazabe, the Chagga and many others. Official languages in Tanzania are Kiswahili and English. In addition to these two languages, a further total 130 different languages and dialects for communication among themselves used.
Percentage Christianity in Tanzania is represented with about 40% of the population. The next largest religious group constitute almost 35% Muslims living mainly on the coasts and in the north of the country. The Christian population is represented more in the interior. The rest of the population belongs to Hinduism or regional nature religions.
Tanzania lies below the equator, so it is warm all year round in the country. A distinction is a short (November) and a long rainy season (April-May). For Tanzania Safaris are suitable all year round, but with little restrictions on the passability of roads within the National Parks.